Below are some interesting Facts you need to know about Stink Bugs.

  • The scientific name of the stink bugs is Nezara viridula.
  • Stink bugs are also called ‘true bugs’, because they use their proboscis (an elongated mouth) for feeding.
  • The stink bug got its name from the fact that it has a pair of glands in its thorax, which is filled with a foul smelling liquid. When the stink bug feels a threat to itself or its home, it ejects this liquid as self defense to defend itself from its enemy. This rancid smelling liquid is also used for attracting mates.
  • There is a species of stink bug called Brochymena arborea that looks similar to a tree bark. The adaptation technique is so perfect that if this species of stink bug sits on the bark, it can be mistaken for the bark of the tree unless you observe very closely. This helps the stink bug to protect itself from its predators.
  • There are over two hundred species of stink bugs that are found in North America. Across the globe, entomologists have identified over 4,700 species of stink bugs in approximately 900 genera.
  • The majority of the stink bugs are strictly herbivorous i.e. they eat only plants. A few species of stink bugs also prey on smaller insects. Some species of stink bugs start their life as herbivores but after a specific point of time they turn into predators and prey on other smaller insects.
  • The female stink bug lays about 20 to 30 eggs under a leaf or on stems in neat rows. The young ones are called nymphs and they remain together till they mature into adult stink bugs. The nymphs resemble the adults in all ways except that they don’t have the outer shield or wings.
  • The stink bugs can be found in meadows, fields and other areas where there is abundant vegetation.
  • Adult stink bugs undergo hibernation or winter sleep in order to survive the chilling winters. The stink bugs nestle together in creeks, under the logs and in crevices during the winter season. In some species of stink bugs, the nymphs also undergo hibernation. The stink bugs can survive upto one year in regions having a warm climate.
  • Stink bugs love to feed on plants and often pose a threat to them. The green stink bug feeds on developing fruits like tomatoes and peaches. They also attack the cotton plant and destroy the cotton pod.
  • Some species of stink bugs also attack the grains like wheat, soybeans and sorghum etc.
  • The stink bugs are both advantageous and disadvantageous to the farmers. The stink bugs attack insects like caterpillars or larvae of beetles that destroy the crops. But some species of stink bugs attack plants and suck the sap, thus destroying the plant.